Another Day, Another Fissure: Kilauea Eruption Continues

MAY 13, 2018. – Happy Mother’s Day!

Hawaii Island’s Kilauea volcano continues with its active eruption as fissure #17 opened up and is still spewing noisy lava. Honolulu Civil Beat is streaming the eruption live on Facebook (may have to scroll down some once you reach the page).

webcam photo
Screen capture from live webstream at Honolulu Civil Beat on Facebook. 5-13-2018.

USGS Kapoho webcam image
The eruption seems to be closer to this USGS webcam. Details:
This image is from a temporary research camera positioned near Kapoho looking northwest. From left to right on the horizon, one can see Puʻu ʻŌʻō vent near the left edge of the image, the gas plume from Halemaʻumaʻu crater near the middle of the image (when clear enough), and Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea farther to the right.

HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Sunday, May 13, 2018, 8:25 AM HST

KILAUEA VOLCANO (VNUM #332010)
19°25’16” N 155°17’13” W, Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WARNING
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Summary:

LOWER EAST RIFT ZONE
Eruption of lava continues along Kilauea Volcano’s lower East Rift Zone. A new outbreak early this morning just over a half mile northeast of the end of Hinalo St. and about one half mile south of highway 132 has been confirmed. Hawaii County Civil Defense reports the outbreak is on Halekamahina Loop Road. Aerial observations of this new fissure indicate it is at least several hundreds yards long and producing spatter rising many tens of feet into the air. A slow-moving lava flow is moving away from the vent.

Elevated earthquake activity and ground deformation continue and additional outbreaks in the area remain likely.

Conditions around the erupting fissures can change very quickly. Residents in lower Puna should remain informed and heed Hawaii County Civil Defense closures, warnings, and messages (http://www.hawaiicounty.gov/active-alerts).

KILAUEA SUMMIT
Deflationary tilt at the summit of the volcano continues and seismicity remains elevated. This morning, a steady, vigorous plume of steam and occasionally minor amounts of ash is rising from the Overlook vent and drifting downwind to the southwest. As has been observed over the past several days, occasional rockfalls into the deep vent are expected produce intermittent pulses of slightly more vigorous ash emissions. Depending on wind conditions, dustings of ash may occur in the Kilauea summit area and downwind. More energetic ash emissions are possible if explosive activity commences.

Current webcam views are here: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/multimedia_webcams.html

REMARKS

USGS/HVO continues to monitor the situation at the summit and the lower East Rift Zone 24/7 in coordination with Hawaii County Civil Defense and other emergency authorities. HVO geologists are onsite in the area this morning conducting overflights, examining the fissure vent activity for significant changes, and searching for any signs of new or resumed activity.

Please see this link for newly organized information about ash hazards, gas hazards, and the Lower East Rift Zone eruption. https://vog.ivhhn.org/

Hawaii County Civil Defense messages regarding conditions, warning, and evacuations may be found at http://www.hawaiicounty.gov/active-alerts/.

MORE INFORMATION

Activity Summary also available by phone: (808) 967-8862

Continue reading “Another Day, Another Fissure: Kilauea Eruption Continues”

Fissure No. 16 Opens – Spews Lava

MAY 12, 2018 UPDATE

  • Tina Neal from the USGS HVO: 10:00 am volcano update (above)

Fissure Number 16 Close-Up: YouTube Clip (above)

Fissure 19 aerial view 5-12-18
At 08:27 a.m. HST May 12, aerial view of fissure 16, located about 1.3 km (0.8 miles) northeast of fissure 15 (top left). The fissure is located 500 m northeast of the Puna Geothermal Venture site (top right). Photograph courtesy of Hawai`i County Fire Department.

PRESS RELEASE  MAY 12, 2018.

HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Saturday, May 12, 2018, 9:10 AM HST (Saturday, May 12, 2018, 19:10 UTC)

KILAUEA VOLCANO (VNUM #332010)
19°25’16” N 155°17’13” W, Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WARNING
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Summary:

LOWER EAST RIFT ZONE

Minor spattering activity has been reported from a new fissure (16) that has opened about 0645 this morning about 1 mile northeast of fissure 15 at the northeast end of the existing vent system. No significant lava flow from this new fissure has been reported or observed at this time, but conditions could change quickly. Elevated earthquake activity and ground deformation continue and additional outbreaks in the area remain likely.

Residents in lower Puna should remain informed and heed Hawaii County Civil Defense closures, warnings, and messages (http://www.hawaiicounty.gov/active-alerts).

KILAUEA SUMMIT

Deflationary tilt at the summit of the volcano continues and seismicity remains elevated. This morning, a steady, vigorous plume of steam and variable amounts of ash is rising from the Overlook vent. Occasional rockfalls into the deep vent will produce intermittent pulses of slightly more vigorous ash emissions. Depending on wind conditions, dustings of ash may occur in the Kilauea summit area and downwind. More energetic ash emissions are possible if explosive activity commences.

This morning’s trade winds are carrying the plume and ash to the southwest of the Kilauea summit. Trade wind conditions are expected to continue according to current forecasts.

Current webcam views are here: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/multimedia_webcams.html

USGS/HVO continues to monitor the situation at the summit and the lower East Rift Zone 24/7 in coordination with Hawaii County Civil Defense and other authorities. Field crews are onsite in the Leilani Estates area this morning examining the fissure vents and searching for any signs of new or resumed activity.

Please see this link for newly organized information about ash hazards, gas hazards, and the Lower East Rift Zone eruption. https://vog.ivhhn.org/

Hawaii County Civil Defense messages regarding conditions, warning, and evacuations may be found at http://www.hawaiicounty.gov/active-alerts/.

MORE INFORMATION

Activity Summary also available by phone: (808) 967-8862

Continue reading “Fissure No. 16 Opens – Spews Lava”

Volcano Update – May 11

The latest update May 11, 2018.


The volcano eruption at Kilauea continues today. Lava flows from the Leilani Estates area have stopped for nearly 48 hours. Various reports say that steam and earthquakes continue. The big concern is the possible explosion of super heated steam and rocks from the main crater of Halemaumau at the Kilauea summit. As a result of this concern, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park in the Kilauea crater area is now closed until further notice.

This notice  from the USGS Hawaii Volcano Observatory as of 6:49 AM this morning:

“A pause in active eruption of spatter and lava along Kīlauea Volcano’s lower East Rift Zone continued through the night. However, earthquake activity and ground deformation continue and additional outbreaks in the general area of Leilani Estates are likely. Overnight, earthquake activity was concentrated on the downrift (east) side of the existing Leilani fissures. High levels of sulfur dioxide continue to be released from the fissure system.

Deflationary tilt at the summit of the volcano continues and seismicity remains elevated. This morning, a steady plume of steam is rising from the Overlook vent. It is expected that occasional rockfalls into the deep vent will produce intermittent, low-level ash emissions. Depending on wind conditions, dustings of ash may occur in the Kilauea summit area and downwind. More energetic ash emissions are possible. ”

Current webcam views are here: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/multimedia_webcams.html


USGS Photo Geologist Inspects Crack
May 10, 2018 – Geologist inspects a crack that widened considerably in the past day on Old Kalapana Road. In other areas, new cracks have appeared along sections of Highway 130 in the past day, some with fume escaping.

Additional Information

One fear alleviated, another looms at geothermal plant
Hawaii Tribune Herald, May 11, 2018.

NaLeo TV Channel 55
Streaming up to date news and announcements from the Big Island of Hawaii

Massive Tsunami Caused by Kīlauea: Truth or Fiction?
Big Island Now, video link with Malika Dudley

More items may be posted here.

BOOM! Halemaumau Explodes

THROWBACK THURSDAY • 1924 • 2018 Explosions
Posted May 10, 2018.

Kilauea Explodes 5-9-18
Ash column rises from the Overlook crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. HVO’s interpretation is that the explosion was triggered by a rockfall from the steep walls of Overlook crater. The photograph was taken at 8:29 a.m. HST on May 9, 2018 from the Jaggar Museum overlook. The explosion was short-lived. Geologists examining the ash deposits on the rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater found fresh lava fragments hurled from the lava lake. This explosion was not caused by the interaction of the lava lake with the water table. When the ash cleared from the crater about an hour after the explosion, geologists were able to observe the lava lake surface, which is still above the water table.

Halemaumau crater exploded early yesterday morning (May 9) after rocks fell into the ever deepening lava lake. The explosion produced a huge cloud that floated thousands of feet into the air. Hawaii Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists are alerting the public to expect a larger explosion at the Kilauea summit, similar to one that happened in 1924. The Hawaii Volcanoes National Park will close indefinitely starting tomorrow (Friday), May 11 to protect the public from large falling rocks should a bigger explosion happen.

From the HVO bulletin of May 9, 2018:

Volcanic Activity Summary: The steady lowering of the lava lake in “Overlook crater” within Halemaʻumaʻu at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano has raised the potential for explosive eruptions in the coming weeks. If the lava column drops to the level of groundwater beneath Kīlauea Caldera, influx of water into the conduit could cause steam-driven explosions. Debris expelled during such explosions could impact the area surrounding Halemaʻumaʻu and the Kīlauea summit. At this time, we cannot say with certainty that explosive activity will occur, how large the explosions could be, or how long such explosive activity could continue.

Residents of the Kīlauea summit area should learn about the hazards of ashfall, stay informed of the status of the volcano and area closures, and review family and business emergency plans.

Resource on volcanic ash hazards: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanic_ash/

Read the full summary: HVO-USGS5-9-2018

UPDATE: USGS East Rift Zone Community Meeting –  Want to know more about the possibility of a Kilauea volcano explosion and ash fallout? Watch this informative video of last night’s (May 9) public  meeting.

UPDATE: Disaster Brewing at the Kilauea Summit? – Honolulu Star Advertiser article. 5-10-2018

Meanwhile the East Rift Zone eruption continues at various fronts near the Leilani Estates subdivision and the Puna Geothermal Ventures power plant. As of this posting, 15 fissures have opened in the Leilani Estates area spewing more lava that has destroyed at least 36 structures, 27 of them homes. Many residents had to be evacuated with some already losing their homes, while others wait in anxiety wondering if their homes will be spared.

VIDEO: Ikaika Marzo SO2 killing trees | Opihikau – downslope from Leilani Estates eruption.

Visit our Hawaii Volcano Videos and links page for the latest updates.

May 9, 2018: At 13:00 p.m. HST. Aerial view from the Hawaii County Fire Department of fissure 15. The fissure cut across Pohoiki Road.

The following photos are from the May 9, 1924 Kilauea explosion.

09:13 Explosion cloud. May 24, 1924. [photo caption] Tai Sing Loo 1065. Explosion cloud, Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii National Park. 9:13 a.m. May 24, 1924. [While this photo label indicates the time as 09:13 that is the time that this explosive sequence begins. Based on other photos taken the same day and the Record Book notations it appears more likely that the actual time of the photo was towards the end of the explosions, somewhere around 09:20.This Tai Sing Loo image, featured in the Honolulu Star Bulletin of May 26, 1924. Caption: “The crowd of visitors off the Haleakala and Matsonia Saturday morning witnessing an eruption from in front of the Volcano House. They were warned subsequently by Roy H. Finch, in charge of the observatory, that it was unwise to remain there.” ]
More information and photos below the fold.

Continue readingBOOM! Halemaumau Explodes”

Volcano Update – May 8, 2018

MAY 8, 2018: Leilani Estates Update, 2:45 PM:  Lanipuna Residents Must EVACUATE NOW Big Island Now

Tuesday, May 8, 2:45 p.m.: Two New Fissures Confirmed, EVACUATION IN PROGRESS

Hawaiian Volcano Observatory confirms two new vents. All Lanipuna Gardens residents must EVACUATE NOW towards the ocean at Isaac Hale Beach Park. Vent number 13 has opened near the intersection of Leilani Avenue and Kahukai Road and vent number 14 near Kaupili Street and Leilani Avenue. Both are actively erupting. Hazardous fumes continue to be released.

Tuesday, May 8, 2 p.m.: Two New Fissures Reported

A news source on the scene has reported that two new fissures, No. 13 and 14, have opened up in Leilani Estates. Hawai‘i News now reports that another house was destroyed.


Fissure fountain outbreak Lelani Estates
This fissure erupted on May 5 near fissures 2 and 7, beginning with small lava spattering at about 8:44 p.m. HST. By 9:00 p.m., lava fountains as high as about 70 m (230 ft) were erupting from the fissure.

This post will be periodically updated. Check with the usual media and information sites such as Big Island Now, Hawaii County Civil Defense and the USGS Kilauea Volcano Hazards page.

TV Media sites: KHON, KITVHawaii News Now, NaLeo TVSome of these news streams may have live streaming and video on demand web content.

Here are some of the updates as of May 8:

From  on Twitter: Another @CivilDefenseHI update: No change in activity; lava has covered 104 acres and destroyed 35 structures facebook.com/hawaiicountyci… Also, a new website has been set up to help the community response: punalavaflow2018.com

As of this morning (May 8) the eruption along Kīlauea Volcano’s lower East Rift Zone within the Leilani Estates subdivision has paused. (Volcano Hazards page advisory of 8:15am)

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is  open 7am to 10pm after being closed on May 4th due to the 6.9 earthquake.

May 7 Puna Community Meeting was held: Video Naleo TV  Note: delay in video. You may want to advance your player about 30 minutes ahead of the starting point.

Blue Hawaiian Helicopters, a firm that takes many tourists to sightsee over the Big Island’s volcano had to terminate an employee pilot for making insensitive remarks regarding the residents of Leilani Estates:

Bue Hawaiian Helicopters

Our Hawaii Volcanoes Video list is regularly updated (see top post) or this link. | The Hawaii Files Channel

Additional content will be inserted here as gathered.

Here are images from the USGS.

Sunken lava lake
May 6, 2018 – The summit lava lake has dropped significantly over the past few days, and this evening was roughly 220 m below the crater rim. This very wide angle camera view captures the entire north portion of the Overlook crater.
Fissure 7
Fissure 7 began on May 5 at dawn and was active for several hours. At the peak of its activity, large bubble bursts occurred at one spot (lower left) in the fissure while spattering was present in other portions. A short lava flow was erupted from the fissure around 8 a.m. HST, moving northeast and crossing Hookupu St.
Lava flow in Leilani Estates. May 5, 2018.